September 7, 2022

How to stock and maintain an aquarium

For both adults and kids, setting up an aquarium can be a fun and fulfilling activity. It has been demonstrated that keeping an aquarium full of healthy fish can lower your stress levels. To make sure the underwater community you choose to construct is cared for properly and the fish remain healthy, you should take into account all the factors mentioned before making a purchase of an aquarium. Generally speaking, you should purchase an aquarium that is as large as possible, within reason. Larger aquariums have more water in them and are simpler to keep your fish in a healthy habitat.

Here is a step-by-step tutorial on how to stockĀ and maintain an aquarium.

Equipment required

Depending on the type of setup selected, specific equipment may be needed. Goldfish, which must be kept at room temperature, and other Coldwater species can be housed in freshwater aquariums. Tropical animals that require warm environments due to temperature of water.

A standard freshwater aquarium check list should comprise the following:

  • An acrylic or glass aquarium
  • Appropriate stand (if appropriate)
  • Gravel
  • Filtering
  • Lighting
  • Lock lid
  • Cleaning tool with a syphon (recommended)
  • Decorations
  • Greenery
  • Heater (tropical set-ups)
  • Dechlorinator and water conditioner
  • Thermometer
  • Kits for testing water
  • Food

Placing your aquarium

When everything is set up, the aquarium should be carefully placed such that it is:

  • Out of direct sunshine and away from heat sources.
  • On a stand or surface that is completely level and support the tank’s weight when it is full indefinitely with water.

Clean all gravel and decorations

Clean your gravel and any ornaments you have purchased thoroughly in some hot water (without any chemicals or soaps). This will guarantee that they are free of paint and dust. To prevent damage to the tank bottom from gravel hitting it too forcefully, add the gravel gently and carefully before placing the fish in the tank.

Fill up the tank

Fill tap water into your tank. If it’s possible, you might wish to utilise a hose. In order to prevent any cloudiness from your gravel, start carefully filling the tank also place an ornaments in it.

ON the filter (and heater if applicable)

Now is the time to turn on all of your tank’s electrical equipment (do NOT do this beforehand as this will damage your electrical equipment). If you’d prefer, you can turn off the light for the time being. Generally speaking, you should only leave your light on for up to eight hours per day as doing so could encourage algae growth.

Place your fish in an aquarium

Slowly adding fish is a virtue; be patient. Stocking up excessively, if the filter is replaced too soon, the tank may develop “new tank syndrome” and become unable to handle the added waste load. Ammonia and nitrite can easily accumulate to harmful amounts, frequently Fish won’t endure.

  • Clear, bright eyes, unharmed fins, unbroken scales, no ulcerations or lumps, adequate swimming, and steady breathing are all characteristics of healthy fish. If there are ill fish in the tank with the fish you want to buy, don’t buy it. Fish infections are easily transmitted and can go unnoticed. Ask your OATA shop for guidance if you are unsure.

Continually check your water

Once you’ve introduced fish to your new tank, the extra waste the fish create could bring back some ammonia. While the tank is still establishing itself, it’s critical to monitor the ammonia consumption of the beneficial bacteria. Your fish family members will be safer and healthier if you respond to any necessary changes.

Do not overfeed your fish

You can rest assured that starving a fish is exceedingly difficult. It’s sufficient to feed your fish once a day, making sure to supply food for each species in your tank.

Feed only as much as the fish will consume in a few minutes. In addition to being harmful for the fish and perhaps causing sickness, too much food also contaminates the tank and may result in an increase in the aforementioned pollutants. Additionally, it may contribute to unwanted events like an excessive algae bloom or a snail invasion.

Take care of the lighting around your aquarium

Controlling the quantity of light your tank receives each day. When choosing where to put your tank, try to keep it away from an area that will receive a lot of direct sunlight throughout the day. Algae, like other plants, adores sunlight and will grow abundantly if given the chance.

The recommended number of fish to stock

Your tank’s capacity and the mature sizes of the fish you intend to introduce will determine how many you can stock. Using the Rule of Thumb of 1 inch of fish per gallon is one of the simplest ways to estimate how many fish your tank can hold. This implies that if your tank has a capacity of 80 gallons, you should be able to hold 80 gallons in theory “with fish.

Practically speaking, you will never add the entire 80 “to your 80-gallon tank with fish. In comparison to smaller-bodied species like zebra fish, larger species like goldfish move more water and produce more waste. A tank that holds 80 gallons will really contain less than that since the ornaments, gravel, equipment, and plants you put to the tank will cause the water level to drop.

Try not to stock up too quickly

Even once your aquarium has finished its nitrogen cycle and the good bacteria are well-established, avoid filling it up completely at once. A maximum of two fish may be added each week. The ecosystem of the tank will need to adapt to the additional waste the new occupants produce. The fish’s gills become damaged in a dirty environment, which affects how well it can breathe. This kind of harm cannot be repaired. Disease and illness will unavoidably follow, with the potential for fatality. Spending time and money stocking your freshwater tank with the fish you want just to have them pass away too soon is the last thing you want to do. Spending time and money stocking your freshwater tank with the fish you want just to have them pass away too soon is the last thing you want to do. You can avoid this outcome with careful planning and study.

Quick facts:

  • The tank’s initial cloudiness is acceptable; it will clear out over time. It happens during the typical tank cycling process, when the ammonia levels surge.
  • Before introducing fish, give your tank a couple of weeks to cycle. However, you must adhere to a precise procedure if you really wish to add your fish right away.
  • A two-degree change in the temperature of the tank water might stress the fish, so always keep it steady. For tropical and cold-water fish, place a tank heater. Cold water fish prefer temperatures below 22 degrees Celsius, while tropical fish prefer temperatures between 22 and 27 degrees Celsius.
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